Raw honey is honey that’s been taken straight from the hive without any additives or processing. It’s extracted from the honeycombs of the hives and then strained to remove any impurities like beeswax and dead bees
Commercial honey production, however, involves several more steps such as pasteurisation and ultrafiltration. Honey is heated to high temperatures to give it a smoother consistency, however, degenerates many of the beneficial enzymes present in the honey. Ultrafiltration is another process which further refines the honey to make it more transparent and smoother, but strips the honey of its pollen and other beneficial nutrients, making it extremely difficult to trace the source of the honey.
To keep up with the demand for honey, commercial producers have also been found to mix honey with sugar syrup. A huge amount of this fake honey is imported into the UK from various countries, often being labelled as “a blend of non-EU honey” or “a blend of EU and non-EU honey” making it impossible for the consumer to identify the source.